The park was named Nesugatayama from its resemblance to a woman lying on the ground facing the sky. Taking a ropeway to the top of the mountain at an observatory will provide a panoramic view of Shimoda Bay.
In the 19th century, the American naval fleet arrived at Shimoda and opened Japan to the world. Perry Road was constructed in the name of the commander of the fleet, Commodore Matthew Perry, and nearby there is a commemorative plaque signifying the arrival of the fleet. There are other historical landmarks reflecting the history of the opening of Japan such as Ryosen-ji Temple where the Treaty of Shimoda was finalized. In Shimoda with its abundance of fresh seafood, the sushi and sashimi are well-regarded so it’s recommended to have lunch here.